Research on Offender Decision-Making and Desistance from Crime
Agency: National Institute of Justice (2014-R2-CX-0009)
Total Costs: $363,848
Period: 01/01/15 to 12/31/17
Abstract: Theories of criminal behavior emphasize different thinking styles as a key factor that underlies offenders’ motivation to commit crime. Relevant disciplines (sociology, behavioral economics, psychology, etc.) deferentially focus n whether offenders (a) believe crime’s rewards outweigh its costs, (b) perceive crime as a legitimate response to their circumstances, (c) consider non-criminal opportunities, or (d) behavior without thinking (impulsively or emotionally). Researchers have not integrated these elements into one cohesive explanation of how thinking styles predict criminal behavior while utilizing a longitudinal design. Analysis will test whether thinking patterns are related to behavior ratings recorded by supervision officers, and official records of reoffending collected over a one-year period.
The University of Texas at El Paso