Welcome to the Center for Law and Human Behavior’s Knowledge Center. This is a collection of dedicated informational reports and website links regarding various topics focused on cross border issues. Although the Center cannot ensure the validity of the statistical information nor the methodologies contained in these reports/website links, it does represent a starting point for information. If you are aware of other websites or reports that are relevant to the study of cross border issues let us know at .
The United States Border Patrol is the mobile, uniformed law enforcement arm of U.S. Customs and Border Protection within the Department of Homeland Security responsible for securing U.S. borders between ports of entry. The Border Patrol was officially established on May 28, 1924 by an act of Congress passed in response to increasing illegal immigration. This provides statistics and summaries to activities between Ports-of-Entry.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection has a complex mission at ports of entry with broad law enforcement authorities tied to screening all foreign visitors, returning American citizens and imported cargo that enters the U.S. at more than 300 land, air and sea ports. The link provides statistics and summaries to activities at Ports-of-Entry.
The U.S. Sentencing Commission, a bipartisan, independent agency located in the judicial branch of government, was created by Congress in 1984 to reduce sentencing disparities and promote transparency and proportionality in sentencing. The Commission collects, analyzes, and distributes a broad array of information on federal sentencing practices, continuously establishing and amending sentencing guidelines for the judicial branch and assisting the other branches in developing effective and efficient crime policy.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers. IOM is a related organization of the United Nations.
The Border Crossing Observatory (BOb) is an innovative virtual research center that connects Australian and international stakeholders to high quality, independent and cutting edge research on border crossings.
Based at Monash University, BOb draws together an international network of critical criminologists and researchers from related disciplines who work in connection with key non-governmental organizations to examine border crossings and irregular migration differently, putting the experiences of human beings at the center.
Based at the Centre for Criminology at the University of Oxford, Border Criminologies is an international network of researchers, practitioners, and those who have experienced border control. Founded and run by Mary Bosworth, Border Criminologies is supported through a series of research grants from the European Research Council, the John Fell Fund, and the ESRC-IAA Fund at the University of Oxford.
The Government Accountability Office is a legislative branch government agency that provides auditing, evaluation, and investigative services for the United States Congress. It is the supreme audit institution of the federal government of the United States. The link directs the reader to the GAO website in which reports can be can be obtained by utilizing a key word search or GAO report number.
The Congressional Research Service, a component of the Library of Congress, conducts research and analysis for Congress on a broad range of national policy issues. While many CRS memoranda are generated in response to individual Member or staff inquiries and are confidential, most CRS reports are available to anyone who has access to a congressional intranet.
Yet at the direction of Congress, CRS does not make even its non-confidential publications directly available to the public online. In order to help overcome this unnecessary barrier, the Federation of American Scientists endeavors to provide current, regularly updated public access to as many non-confidential CRS reports as possible. These reports are provided without congressional or CRS authorization as a public service.